DEDICATED TO MY PATERNAL GREAT-UNCLE, AFTER WHOM I WAS NAMED, WHO FOUGHT AND DIED IN WWII.
“They shall grow not old, as
we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning,
We will remember them.”
The ‘Ode of Remembrance’, from the poem ‘For The Fallen’
by Laurence Binyon
Corran Perry Ashworth was born in Eketahuna, New Zealand, on 25 September 1921 - eighth child and fourth son of Arthur John and Edna Mary Ashworth. He was educated at Alexandra District High School where he obtained his University Entrance in 1937. In civil life he was employed as a clerk in the Post and Telegraph Department and his favourite sports were rugby, cricket and tennis.
Ashworth applied for enlistment in the RNZAF in January 1941 and
was enlisted at
Levin (around 95 km north of Wellington)
on 15 June. His flying training was carried out at No 3 Elementary
Training School, Harewood, Christchurch, and No 2
Service Flying School, Woodbourne
(located 8 km west of Blenheim).
Corran was awarded the
Flying Badge on 18 October and promoted to Temporary Sergeant on
Early in his training Corran met John ‘Johnnie’ Houlton (a fellow New Zealander who went on to be credited as the first Allied airman to shoot down an enemy plane on D-Day in what is now known as the ‘Grace Spitfire’) with whom he established a close friendship. In his book Spitfire Strikes Johnny wrote:
On most Sundays we were free of duties,
and my father would collect
me, and some of the others, to go home for the
day. Already, lasting friendships were forming in the groups, and I
teamed up with Corran Ashworth - known as ‘Ash’ - a man of considerable
charm and ability, and a very good pilot. His instructor was called
‘Butch’ Baines, because of his tendency to turn purple when he wound
himself into a rage. Ash trudged away from a Moth one morning grinning
widely, but with a pale and subdued instructor.
The flying exercise had been spinning, and recovering
Ash had pulled the nose of the aircraft up until it was stalled, but
was not applying rudder (to cause the spin) to the satisfaction of his
instructor. “Boot it on - hard - like this”; yelled Butch lunging at a
rudder pedal. With the Moth spinning earthward he then roared: “Right -
recover and pull out.” He was one of those annoying instructors who
sometimes kept his hand and feet on the controls while the pupil was in
action, and after several turns in the spin he started raving at Ash to
pull out. Ash yelled back,
“Get your bloody feet off the rudders!”
The panic set in. Butch had jammed the sole of his
the rudder bar and the side of the cockpit, and there was no way it
could be withdrawn. In desperation he released his safety harness,
wrenched his foot out of the flying boot, then tore the boot forward
and clear of the rudder bar with his hands. Ash corrected the spin and
only pulled out of the dive ‘scraping the daisies.’
After they landed Butch actually apologised to Ash.
book ‘Spitfire Strikes’
pages 19 - 20
Sergeant Ashworth embarked for the
United Kingdom in December 1941, commencing
advanced flying training at No 17 Advanced Flying Unit, Watton,
Thetford, Norfolk on 16 March 1942. He moved on to No 55 Operational
Training Unit, Annan, Dumfriesshire on 7
April to undergo training on Hurricane aircraft. On June 9 he
joined No 403 Canadian Squadron at Martlesham, Suffolk, participating
in operational exercises in Spitfire aircraft. Corran flew for the
first time on 12 June 1942, in a Spitfire. On 25 June he joined No 253 Squadron at Hibaldstow,
Lincolnshire, after 48h of
flying, where he flew Hurricanes once more. He participated in the
ground strafing of Dieppe, his second mission in operation. He took off
in a Hurricane at 04h30 to attack the gun position on the coast around
Dieppe. He flew a second time, for one hour, between 16h30 and 17h30 in
the valley of the river Scie.
In November, the Squadron moved to French North Africa, operating from
Phillipville, Algeria. Sergeant Ashworth, as pilot of a Hurricane in
the Squadron, participated in patrols, convoy escort and sea sweeps.
The Squadron contacted enemy aircraft on a number of occasions.
Sergeant Ashworth reported shooting down a JU-88
in the vicinity of Jemmapes on
15 February 1943.NB
RAF Sgt Coran Perry Ashworth 253 Sqn claimed 1xJu88, 20 miles N. Cap Bougaroun. He was flying Hurricane IIc (HV742). This claim corresponds to Ju88D-1/Trop (F6+EH) of 1(F)/122. He was promoted to the rank of Pilot Officer on 23 March, at which time he was discharged
from the Royal New Zealand Air Force.
On June 15 he was transferred to No 14 Squadron, Blida, Algeria where
he continued operations, flying Mustang I aircraft. He joined No 32
Squadron at Tingley in North East Algeria on July and he was flying
both Hurricanes and Spitfire
aircraft on varied operations. On 9 July he reported shooting down a Bf-109
fifty miles N-NW of Galite. This was confirmed and on 23 September he
was promoted to the rank of Flying Officer.
Flying Officer Ashworth returned to England in October and, after a few
days at No 55 Operational Training Unit, was sent to No 3 Flying
Instruction School, Lulsgate Bottom, Somerset. He returned to No 55
Operational Training Unit on October 10, where he flew Hawker
and Hurricane, Miles Masters, Magister and Martinet aircraft.
Ash had just returned from North Africa, and came to stay for a week with me at Hornchurch before starting his official rest period, and had also been commissioned. Since we had gone our separate ways a year and a half before Ash had been flying strafing Hurricanes with 4 20-mm guns, and ‘tank busters’ which were fitted with a 37-mm gun under each wing. The weight and drag of these artillery pieces pulled the performance of the Hurricane right down, and there was only a few rounds per gun, which had to be reloaded for each salvo by a remote control from the cockpit. When fired, the recoil of these heavy-calibre guns 30mph or more off the speed of the aircraft, but the results were often spectacular.
Hawker Hurricane II D Tank Buster: Hurricanes were fitted with 40mm cannons under their wings delivering shells capable
of piercing the armour of the German tanks. From RAF Middle East Feb 1942-Jan 1943
published by HMSO in 1945.
Ash had been on a convoy patrol North of Algiers in one of these tank busters when a Ju 88 dropped out of the cloud in front of him, to begin a bombing run on the ships. Sighting very carefully Ash fired his two-round broadside, and the Ju 88 disintegrated, probably the only time those guns were ever used in the air-to-air role.
book ‘Spitfire Strikes’
On D-Day, Flying Officer Ashworth proceeded to No 83 Group Support
Unit at Redhill in Surrey where he flew Mustangs. He was then posted to No
65 "East India" Squadron.
10, he moved with the Squadron to a landing strip in newly liberated territory in
Normandy. The Squadron formed part of the 2nd Tactical Air Force and
was engaged on strikes against enemy railway yards, communications and
troop concentrations. Corran Ashworth had a busy month of bombing in
France and on the 14th of June he was on reconnaissance (12 Planes) in
the area of Rouen. He shot down a Bf-109 G6 of the 2./JG5: the pilot
was uninjured but his plane was totally destroyed. He followed up
with an Fw-190
near Argentan on 17 June.
During July he flew a lot of reconnaissance missions from 65
Squadron’s base in France: B12 airfield at Ellon. On the 11th and 12th he spent
time on formation and low flying as well as aerobatics. He ‘shared’
a Bf-109 G6 III Gruppe of JG26, damaged near Dreux-Conches on
with Sergeant Holland, 65 Squadron.
On August 2nd, Flying Officer Ashworth was not on mission because his
plane YT-U had technical problems on 31 July: the engine cut off and he
did training tests.
was raining hard early in the morning of August 3rd, though it
cleared mid-morning. Visibility was low
(10/10) when he took off at 10h34 with 12 other aircraft. At 500 metres
he saw the barges plus four 88-mm guns and 8 batteries of 20mm and 37mm
protecting the bridges and ferries located on this part of the Seine.
Flying Officer Corran Perry Ashworth was seen at 4,000 feet commencing
his pull out when his aircraft (Mustang
III - the British designation for the Merlin powered, ‘Malcolm hood’ Plexiglas bubble canopy P-51B and P-51C - number FB-208, USAF serial
number 42-103102) appeared to
explode, going down in a ball of flame and plunging into the river. The
exact cause is not known, but some very accurate enemy anti-aircraft
fire was experienced at the time and it is probable that one of his
bombs was hit by some. He was in the last section to go down and no
guns were fired.
No 65 ‘East India’ Squadron
No 122 Wing Headquarters
Royal Air Force
c/o British Liberation Army
8th August 1944
Dear Mrs Ashworth,
It is with deep regret that I have to confirm that your son, Corran Perry Ashworth, is missing as the result of air operations on the 3rd of August 1944.
I am afraid it is my painful task to tell you that you must entertain no hope at all of his having escaped alive from his crash, the bare details of which are as follows.
Your son, with the rest of the Squadron, was on a dive bombing sortie over enemy occupied territory. Just as he commenced his dive on the target, his aircraft blew up and the wreckage plunged into a river below. The exact cause of this tragic mishap is not known, but some enemy anti-aircraft fire was experienced at the time and probably one of his bombs was hit by same.
It grieves me very much to have to send you such sad news. I can only offer you the consolation of the thought that it was all so sudden that he could have known nothing about it.
Whilst expressing my sympathy to you in your irreparable loss I would like you to know how much we all miss your son ourselves. He was very popular with everyone and was establishing a splendid reputation for himself as a pilot. We can ill afford to lose men of his calibre. In your sorrow remember that you may be justifiably proud of his achievements and of the fine example he set to others.
Squadron Leader, Commanding
No 65 ‘East India’ Squadron
~ Condolence letter from Squadron Leader Lamb the Commanding Officer of 65 Squadron.
In a short autobiography, brother and close friend Arthur wrote of the last time he saw Corran. The occasion was following Arthur’s memorable 65th operation on 19 September 1942. His Squadron had been on an operation bombing targets in Saarbrucken, Germany. On this operation, the Wellington bomber was caught in the searchlights among heavy flak. The aircraft was set on fire and Arthur, as Captain, ordered the crew to bail out. When it came to his turn, he was unable to find his parachute. He was left to try and fly a disintegrating aircraft on his own. His first thought was to try and crash land but, following a series of manoeuvres, the flames went out and he set sail for England. At one stage the petrol ran out, and both engines stopped. He put the aircraft on automatic pilot and rushed back to turn on the reserve tanks. He finally managed to land at an emergency landing ground at West Malling in Kent. Earlier in the morning before he (Arthur) had left on this operation, Corran had called from the Huntington railway station to say he had arrived to see him. It would have been shortly after the Dieppe Raid and before Corran went to North Africa. Arthur wrote:
‘After landing I rang Wyton to ask that they let Corran know I was OK. A couple of days later I flew Corran back to his fighter base at Hibaldstow. I never saw him again!’
At the time of Corran’s death, Arthur was serving in the Pacific with No 17F Fighter Squadron RNZAF. On 8 August 1944, the RNZAF telegraphed him advising that Corran had reported missing believed killed.
In his book Spitfire Strikes, Johnnie Houlton recorded his reaction to the news of Corran’s death:
‘Shortly after my return from a lecture tour, Jack Yeatman put his head into my tent one night to say he had a message for me. Under the arch of a starlit sky, Jack quietly told me that Ash (as he was known) had been killed in action. Strangely, my chief emotion was an overwhelming conviction of my own insignificance in the vast scheme of things.’ (p.203)
F/O Ashworth’s Campaigns:
▻ 11 June 1942 - 403 Squadron
▻ Dieppe Landing - 19 August 1942 (253 Squadron)
▻ North Africa Campaign - November 1942 to October 1943
(253 Squadron / 14 Squadron / 32 Squadron)
▻ 6 June 1944 - No 83 Group Support Unit
▻ Normandy Campaign - 32 Squadron
▻ 808 hrs as pilot
nothing that war has ever achieved that we could not better achieve
without it’. ~ Havelock Ellis
The circumstances surrounding the destruction of Corran’s Mustang FB-208 have never been entirely clear. That the aircraft exploded and plunged into the River Seine is not in doubt. Exactly what caused the aircraft to explode is not certain. It may have been hit by flak or, as some suggest, the 1000 pound bomb may have exploded prematurely. A copy of the interview with Jimmy Prentice RNZAF, who flew with Corran in North Africa, was kindly given to Vincent Ashworth by Mr Paul Sortehaug of Dunedin.
brother Vincent has also been collating information. He has
been in contact with an amateur French historian, Fabrice Dhollande, who is
writing a history of WWII in Normandy. During research on Allied aircraft lost in Normandy during WWII, Fabrice - quite by accident - discovered the name of Flying Officer C. P. Ashworth RNZAF having crashed into the River Seine on 3 August 1944 during a raid on German barges. Corran’s aircraft had crashed into the river near where Fabrice lived, and he wanted to know if the pilot was any relation of Vincent’s
From this contact a warm friendship developed between Vincent and Fabrice. Thanks to Fabrice, the outcome has been the unveiling near the town of Oissel on 10 June 2006, of a beautiful memorial on the Banks of the River Seine opposite the place where Corrans’ remains are believed to lie. The memorial was consecrated by the local Catholic Priest and unveiled in the presence of a large gathering of local citizens, representatives of the French and German Governments, all the French armed forces, the RAF and the RNZAF, the New Zealand Ambassador to France, members of the Ashworth family, and Vincent and his wife May. Read Vincent’s speech.
During their visit to Oissel, Vincent and May were introduced to a lady who, as a child, had seen the plane crash into the river. She pointed out just where she saw the crash into the river.
A biography of Corran’s life - including his war service - can be read in the book For Our Tomorrow He Gave His Today, by Vincent Ashworth and Fabrice Dhollande, published in 2009.
‘War does not determine
right, it only determines who is left.’ - often attributed to Bertrand Russell
Ashworth was a
12-year old schoolboy when his war hero brother
“We never knew exactly
what happened, but it was a very sad time. I
remember very vividly how families were advised of casualties. We got a
knock on the front door at 5 o’clock one night. It was the postmaster
and he handed Mum a telegram and said he was sorry. Casualty lists were
published every day in the Otago Daily Times, too. That’s how it was
done in those days.”
Flying Officer Ashworth
is among the 20,450 Allied airmen who died in
unknown circumstances during World War 2 with all names listed on the
Runnymede Memorial, at Englefield Green in England.
“That was the end of it
for 60 years, as far as my family was
concerned,” Vincent said, “Then, eight months ago, I received an email
from an amateur French military historian, Fabrice Dhollande, who was
doing research on World War 2 in Normandy. He had met a local man who,
as a child during the war, had seen my brother’s plane going into the
Three of Vincent’s brothers fought in WWII and a fourth was in final training when the war ended. Vincent’s brother Artie Ashworth rose to the rank of Wing Commander having been awarded the DSO, DFC and bar, and AFC and bar. With the average life of RAF bomber
crews being 10 operations, Artie’s survival of 110 missions was seen as
something of a miracle.
Otago Boys’ High School Foundation 20/07/2006