Supermarine Spitfire

Spitfire
Supermarine Spitfire XVI at Duxford, September 2006
Photographer: Chris Howells

Specifications / Technical Data / Description

uk

Nicknamed:

‘Spit’ or ‘Spitty’.
RAF
Manufacturer
Supermarine Aviation Works
Designed by
R. J. Mitchell
1935
Type
Fighter, fighter-bomber
Crew
1
Propulsion
1 x liquid-cooled V-12 piston engine
Engine Model
Rolls-Royce Merlin 61
Engine Power
1,238 kW
1,660 hp
Max level speed
657 km/hr at 7,620 m
408 mph at 25,000 ft
Cruising speed
521 km/hr at 6,096 m
324 mph at 20,000 ft
Climb rate
1,204 metres per minute
3,950 feet per minute
Service Ceiling
13,106 m
43,000 ft
Range
698 km
434 miles
Empty Weight
2,545 kg
5,610 lbs
Max. Takeoff Weight
4,309 kg
9,500 lbs
Wing Span
11.22 m
36 ft 10 in
Wing Area
22.48 m²
242 ft²
Length
9.54 m
31 ft 3.5 in
Height
3.49 m
11 ft 5.5 in
Armament

4 X 20-mm Oerlikon cannon

and 4 X 0.303 in Brownings

2 x 250 lb bombs under wings

600 rounds per minute
velocity: 830 metres per sec (2,723 ft/sec)
1,150 rounds per minute
velocity: 810 metres per sec (2,660 ft/sec)

centreline rack for 500 lb bomb or tank

wing-mounted



external load (total 1,000 lb)
Data for version
Spitfire Mk IX
First combat mission
6 October 1939
Final delivery (all variants)
February 1948
Total production
20,334
ICAO Code
SPIT, SASP

Production Versions

Mk.I, Mk.II, Mk.III, Mk.IV, Mk.V, Mk.VI, Mk.VII, Mk.VIII, Mk.IX, Mk.X, Mk.XI, Mk.XII, Mk.XIII, Mk.XIV, Mk.XVI, Mk.XVII,
XIX, Mk.XX, Mk.21, Mk.22, Mk.24

PR Mk IV/Mk X/Mk XI/Mk XIII/Mk XIX - Unarmed Photo-Reconnaissance (PR) Models with Merlin 61, 63, 63A or 70
(high-altitude) engines

Seafire Mk IB/IIC/III/XV/XVII/ Mk 45/46/47 - Naval versions of the Spitfire